Powder for 45 70. The .45-70 also features a straight-walled design..30-06. In spite of being inferior to the .45-70 in almost all aspects, the 30-06 surprisingly packs a much heavier punch than the .45-70 in terms of SAAMI spec maximum pressure. The shorter and narrower rounds literally dwarf the .45-70 with more than twice the pressure.

Earlier in my 45/70 journeys I hunted (one season) with a 355gr Wide Flat Nose cast testing as high as just over 2500fps and hunting the first year with a velocity of 2300fps. BIG mistake!!! The WFN cast bullets are very effective and coupled with a high level of velocity are devastating. IN SPADES!!!!

Powder for 45 70. H335 in my 45-70. Picked up a lb today and after researching 4 load books can't find a minimum load for a cast 400 grain bullet. I'm using a 385 to 390 grain bullet from my NOE mold gas checked. Most data found was people hot rodding a 300 grain jacketed bullet. Think the Lee manual was only book I had that showed any data and no cast.

For a single powder for the 45-70, I'd have to go with H322. It shoots cast well and it can take one to the top without pressures getting fickle as can happen with faster powders. 45-70, 350 NorthFork 45-70, 350 Speer 30 WCF, 170 Core-Lokt. Save Share. Like. Golsovia. 2036 posts · ... 45-70 loads I'm getting 1706 fps with a 420 grain GC cast ...

45-70 Government 325 gr FTX ® LEVERevolution ® Item #82747 | 20/Box US Patent: 9,513,092 | 8,413,587 | 8,161,885 | 7,380,502. LEVERevolution ® represents a breakthrough in ammo design for lever action rifles and revolvers. The key to its innovation and performance is the patented elastomer Flex Tip ® technology of the FTX ® and MonoFlex ® bullets. Safe to use in tubular magazines, these ...This powder is bulky and is intended for reduced and/or cast bullet loads in large capacity cases like the 45-70. Another powder option is Accurate XMP 5744. I used to use this powder in the .223 to make a .223 shoot like a .22 Hornet in velocity and noise level. There are published loads for both SR 4759 and XMP 5744 for the 45-70 in the Speer ...

phc45-70 said: I SHOOT ONLY 40 GRS OF 3031 BEHIND BOTH 340 GR AND 405 GR CAST BOOLITS AND THEY DO JUST FINE. MV is about 1400 and 1500 respectively. Kicked some 340 grs up to 1800 fps with imr 4198 and they weren't funto shoot. The 405's @ 1350 - 1400 fps will go all the way through a big dear end to end.Introduced to the world just 1 year after the invention of .45 Colt, .45-70 Gov’t reigns supreme in the world of straight-walled cartridges to this day. Its name is derived from the bullet diameter (.45 in), the weight of the black powder used when it was created (70 grains), and the fact that it was designed and used by the U.S. ARMY in 1873.325 posts · Joined 2007. #14 · Aug 30, 2007. I own a M94 .30-30 and 1895GS .45-70 and have used IMR3031 in both with good success, but switched to RL-7 for the .45-70 b/c of pressure and the 3031 burned a little dirtier, not to mention the fact that in my area, RL-7 is cheaper right now. 3031 is preferred powder for .30-30, still, as I haven ...Technical Information. Caliber: 45-70 Government. Bullet Weight: 405 Grains. Bullet Style: Lead Flat Nose. Case Type: Brass. Ballistics Information: Muzzle Velocity: 1210 fps. WARNING: This product can expose you to Lead, which is known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.The .45-70 fired a .45 caliber 405 grain projectile over 70 grains of black powder for a muzzle velocity of roughly 1200fps. The official military designation of the new cartridge was the .45-70-405.I then subtract that amount for the black powder which leaves 63.0 grs. of black powder. SPG is a good lube for the duplex loads. I used Emmert's home mix with excellent results (50% Pure Natural Beeswax, 40% Crisco, and 10% Canola Oil. I later replaced the Canola Oil with Anhydrous Lanolin for longer shelf life (and loaded cartridge lube life).May 2007. Posts. 5,311. Those of slight frame or tender years might enjoy plinking with the .45-70 by using 9 grains of Unique and a .457 round ball pushed into the mouth of the cartridge. Care should be taken as to not touching the primer when pushing the RB in over a load of powder. Rather quiet and almost no recoil.Dec 28, 2021 · The Heart of Dixie. I have fired hundreds of 405 gr cast bullets over 27/5744 in 45-70 rifles of various types for years with outstanding results. This is a BP (or a little hotter) level load. Larger 5744 doses can be used for strong actions, but I usually go with other powders for stiff loads.I see no reason to shoot any cartridge gun with a BP substitute. If it is an originally BP round (45LC, 45-70 etc) then either load BP or bp safe loads using regular smokeless (at a fraction of the cost of either real BP or any of the alternates just based on amount of powder used and cost of smokeless vs BP/subs)

Goex Black Dawge Pinnacle Black Powder Ammunition 45-70 Government 405 Grain Lead Flat Nose Box of 20. Product #: 814572. Manufacturer #: 1609. UPC #: 5890000160. Our Price:POWDER MUZZLE VEL. LOAD DENSITY TYPE F.P.S. (VOLUME) AA 2015 58.0 MAX. 2130 ** Most Accurate 56.0 2050 Powder Tested 54. 0* 197 IMR 4227 47.5 ... H335 67.0 MAX. 2274 ** 65.0 * 2226 ** 63.0 2179 Cartridge C SHOLD : Gr. WA TE R CASE TYPE: WLR 45-70 Govt. - 300 grain (Strong Action Only) Version 9.0 2 " Pac-Nor BARREL Twist 1-20" GRS. 458Cal ...Remarks: maximum load; 25,600 cup. .45-70 Government (IMR Rifle Trail Boss Data) reloading data with 4 loads. Using bullets from cast LFP, LRNFP. Powders include IMR.MP-5744 was a double-base military powder, made by Hercules. The Army didn't like it. When it hit the surplus market, it turned out that it worked well for cast bullet loads in large volume cases such as .30-06 and .45 …

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I'd be looking at a load of 13-15 grains of Unique with that bullet, or a 3031 powder-based load that will be <1500 fps at the muzzle. Good luck. Let's us know how it shoots. You may want to pull the bullets, and try a lower powder charge for accuracy issues, not pressure issues. You only loaded 10 rounds. That's an easy job to pull the bullets.

H335 is an excellent powder and is my "go to" powder for my 52-55 gr jacketed bullet 223/5.56 loads along with 125 - 150 gr jacketed bullets in the 30-30 and 308Ws. With cast, H335 is excellent as long as you have the bullet mass and pressure level so it ignites and burns efficiently. With your 45-70 loads that's where you are.FFFG goex used in 45/70. Made some Black powder screen method, not pressed for density, as I haven't made a press yet. After screening and grading looks like I have between 2 and 3 f size. I loaded 100gr of this homemade bp into a Traditions MZ 50 cail and shoved a saboted bullet down to touch the charge. Capped with 209 shotgun primer, set ...I am new to reloading for the .45-70. For the .45-70 I am casting a 405 grain hard cast (WW + 97%/3% tin/antimony solde, quenched in water), flat nosed chunk of death. Any suggestion on smokeless powder to use? I've heard that fast powders are better for the .45-70, and after perusing my reloading manuals, I am leaning toward Accurate 2015...Brian Pearce did an article in Handloader a few years back on loading the 45/70 and my velocities followed his with H 322. It's my favorite powder for heavy loads. I used R -P brass, CCI 200 primers and applied a heavy crimp with the Lee Factory Crimp Die. Good luck with it! I have some old test data showing nearly 100fps variation by simply ...Introduced to the world just 1 year after the invention of .45 Colt, .45-70 Gov’t reigns supreme in the world of straight-walled cartridges to this day. Its name is derived from the bullet diameter (.45 in), the weight of the black powder used when it was created (70 grains), and the fact that it was designed and used by the U.S. ARMY in 1873.

Have used N133 for 45-70 but never tried N130, yet. At around 50 grains per shot that's about 140 cartridges, loaded per pound of powder. At $65 bucks a pound, that works out to about a dime more per shot, than the $40 bucks a pound stuff. The accuracy of Reloader 7, seems worth that bit more money but, quite a few powders do well in a 45-70 case.The .45-70 is one of our oldest centerfire rifle cartridges, a black powder number that successfully made the transition to smokeless powder and has prospered into the 21st Century. The traditional .45-70 factory load is a 405 grain bullet (BC .214, SD .272) at a MV of 1330 fps, and a ME of 1590 ft. lbs. This is a very moderate load that kills ...I found this information in the Hodgdon manual for Benchmark and the 45-70 (they list a Benchmark load for a 350 grain Hornady JRN bullet 56.0 - 60.0C, for a 405 grain Speer JFP bullet they list 55.0 - 58.5C). I really like the idea of a compressed load for this cartridge. With Varget, I get a mildly compressed load at 58.0 grains.142. 45-70 300 & 350gr Unique/2400 loads. Hello all, Been looking around the threads and figured I throw this one out there. Looking for some load data for 300 and 350gr Cast or Jacketed bullets using Unique or 2400 powder; loads will be for practice as well as whitetail deer and hogs out to 100yds, velocity range 1400-1500fps desired.Reduce by 10% to establish a starting charge weight. Alliant Centerfire Rifle Load Data. Be Alert: Publisher cannot be responsible for errors in published load data. Wt. .45-70 Government (lever action loads using Alliant) reloading data with 3 loads. Using bullets from Speer FNHP, Speer FNSP. Powders include Alliant.45-70 - 405gr - RNFP - Polymer Coated. $20.10 - $218.00. (10 reviews) Write a Review. Shipping: Free Shipping. Quantity: (Required)45-70 Government Loads | 45-70 Applications by M. L. McPherson, Tue, September 15, 2015 ... use of smokeless powder for greater energy. Military developments included the 45-56-405, carbine loading and 45-70-500, rifle loading, both the conventional round nose and a bullet with an explosive charge in the nose (for use in the Gatling Gun). ...About the complete burning of powder ,5744 is the worst I have seen , for proportion of totally unburnt powder, and almost initially discarded it in disgust until luckily noticed that it was giving very good accuracy (45-70 ,32-40, 40-82 , 33WCF) , regardless of this undesirable trait.Black powder has an even higher peak pressure spike than all of them which enables it to 'bump up' the plain base bullets. IMR SR4759 and 5744 have a bit lower peak pressure and IMR 4198 even lower still. Thus, I have found IMR 4198 to work well with gas checked bullets where, if properly sized, no bumping up is necessary, but a little more ...Unique is the best reduced loads in any of my 45-70 great powder it's worth seeking out its that good.Re: Light loads for the .45-70. by JohndeFresno » Wed Mar 24, 2010 12:22 am. Paco Kelly, the founder of this website, has reported that he killed a coyote at 50 yeards with a heart/lung shot using a 450 gr. pure lead bullet propelled by only 2 1/2 gr. of Bullseye in his .45-70. This is a silent load.46 posts · Joined 2013. #1 · Mar 26, 2013. So I am getting ready to start reloading for my 45-70 guide gun using Hodgdon H4198. However I am finding some very different data in researching recommended loads. I have both some jacketed 350gr flat nose, and 405gr hard cast bullet's to use for first batches and according to Hodgdon's online data ...5458 posts · Joined 2012. #1 · Jun 1, 2012. Hi gang, My son gave me a Older T/C Contender with a 10" 45/70 barrel . The loads I use in my Sharps (Reloader 7 under a 405 grain lead bullet) are way to hot for this old man - about took my hands off. I have cast some 240 grain round nose bullets, but can't find any loading data for the lighter ...Shot my Ruger No 1 in 45-70 today for the first time today. Lyman 385 grain plain base round nose sized .459 with 1.5 grains of dacron, standard primer and 33 grains of H4198. They averaged 1435 fps and showed excellent 100 yard accuracy with a New England peep sight. I was however surprised by the amount of unburned powder left in …The new 49th edition lists no loads with unique.My first loading book, the 1970 Lyman-44th edition lists unique 14 to 17 gr w/ the 385 gr cast, 13 to 16 gr with th 482 gr bullet, and 12 to 14 with the 552 gr. They make no mention of wads.According to the Hodgdon reloading recipes, for a 45-70 with a 24" barrel, using 3031 with Hornady Interlock (JRN) max load (for Marlin lever action pressures) is a compressed load of 60 gr. @ 2135 fps and with a 405 gr cast is 48.5 gr. (Trapdoor pressures) @ 1706 fps. So if it's only about max velocity, while you have approached or bettered ...The Heart of Dixie. I have fired hundreds of 405 gr cast bullets over 27/5744 in 45-70 rifles of various types for years with outstanding results. This is a BP (or a little hotter) level load. Larger 5744 doses can be used for strong actions, but I usually go with other powders for stiff loads.Apr 2010. Location. Meadville, PA. Posts. 496. I've been testing out a 360 grain gas checked boolit with RX 7 in all three of my 45-70's. A Marlin 1895G, an 1895 CB and an H&R Buffalo Classic. I started at 41.5 grs, shooting 5 round groups, and worked up to 49.5 grs. 1/2 grain increase at a time. I used 2 alloys.

May 8, 2020 · Exactly, 12 grains of Unique works in the 45/70 with all bullets I cast and shoot in my Marlin 1895. (Made by Remington, oh no!) Photo attached shows two of the bullets with 12 grains of Unique, top group of five is the NOE 405 FP, lower Ideal 457122 HP both sized .459 with Ben’s Red. Distance is 50 yards.I don't have any experience using any type powder with 45-70, but will subscribe to this thread to get info for powder to use. I just received my first 45-70 Henry this weekend, and will need to load is soon.The 45-70 is still a fairly popular rifle for Wyoming hunters in the northern and western parts of the state because they kill elk very well, but also because they are very comforting when you are surrounded by grizzlies. ... My go to load in my Inline Black powder rifle, was 300gr hornady XTP over top 90gr of 777. That produced around 1600 fps.2015 in the 45-70. I have been shooting my marlin 1895 w/22" barrel for about a year now, I have used imr 4198 the whole time. I use a noe 425grr rnfp boolit. I have been thinking of switching to a slower powder in hopes of getting better accuracy. currently I am shooting at 1400fps, and I like it there.IMR 3031 powder is a good powder to start with. I guess it really depends on the firearm you're loading for. .45-70 Government. "Trapdoor" and replica rifles plus all modern rifles in good condition: 300 grain Hornady InterLock HP bullet, 52.0 grains of IMR 3031 powder, Federal 210 primer, Winchester case. MV 1,800 fps in 29.5" barrel.8799 posts · Joined 2008. #6 · Jan 15, 2015. IMR4198 is my "go to" .45-70 powder. I don't use anything else. However, in the Huntsman,I use two fifty gr. Triple Seven pellets under a sabot with a 250 gr. XTP, and I can regulate the .45-70 to hit the same POI as the Huntsman. That cuts out a little second guessing.As far as the "lighter Carbine load", the standard load for the 'Long Tom' (Infantry) rifles was the M1873 load of a 405 grain hollow base bullet loaded in a case with approximantly 70 grains of black powder. Shortly after the .45-70 Government was introduced, it was found that the lighter Carbine (and lighter wieght Cavalry Troopers) had much ...

USE THIS DATA WITH ALLIANT BRAND POWDERS ONLY. REDUCE RIFLE AND HANDGUN CHARGE WEIGHTS BY 10% TO ESTABLISH A STARTING LOAD. DO NOT EXCEED THE LOADS DISPLAYED ON THE SITE OR ALLIANT'S RELOADERS GUIDE. By clicking the link below, I understand and will agree to abide by the above precautions. Enter the Guide.By Chuck Hawks. The .45-70 is one of our oldest centerfire rifle cartridges, a black powder number that successfully made the transition to smokeless powder and has prospered …My go to powder for the 45-70 Marlin has been 49.0 grains of IMR 4198 and the Barnes 300 grain TSX FB (hollow point bullet) @ around 2200fps. I was using 49.5 grains, but... found it to be a bit more of a load than I cared to put through vintage 1895 Marlins. Besides "dead is dead", killing what I am hunting is my goal, destroying the weapon is not the plan.E. EsoxLucius. 614 posts · Joined 2005. #2 · Feb 12, 2009. Accurate 1680 is very similar to the 4198s and Reloder 7 being on the "fast" side of powders for the 45-70. According burn rate charts, some have Accurate 1680 closer to the 4227s than the 4198s, while others have it closer to the 4198s than the 4227s. There is no reason why it wouldn ...5458 posts · Joined 2012. #1 · Jun 1, 2012. Hi gang, My son gave me a Older T/C Contender with a 10" 45/70 barrel . The loads I use in my Sharps (Reloader 7 under a 405 grain lead bullet) are way to hot for this old man - about took my hands off. I have cast some 240 grain round nose bullets, but can't find any loading data for the lighter ...2049 posts · Joined 2005. #3 · Feb 13, 2009. Well, here is the "deal" with the OAL. Hornady states that the OAL should be 2.590. However, they also state that the brass should be trimmed to a length of 2.040. Well, the SAMI spec calls for the 45-70 brass to be 2.105. That puts the Hornady brass at .065 (sixty five thousands) shorter than the ...IMR-4198 and H4198 are very good powders for the 45/70 from mild trapdoor loads to heavy hitting teeth rattling loads for lever actions or even stronger Ruger #1's …At around 50 grains per shot that's about 140 cartridges, loaded per pound of powder. At $65 bucks a pound, that works out to about a dime more per shot, than the $40 bucks a pound stuff. The accuracy of Reloader 7, seems worth that bit more money but, …4. 45-70 loads with Titegroup Powder. I have be working up loads in my 45-70 (marlin1895) with Titegroup. Right now I have loaded and shot a 350 gr. cast bullet with 12.5 gr. of Titegroup. Oregon Trail has some loading data for Titegroup in leverguns. I am pleased with the results.Jim Watson. 25613 posts · Joined 2001. #4 · Mar 21, 2009. Pedersoli Rolling Block (and Sharps) replica .45-70s are CIP rated for 29,000 CUP, which is about the same as SAAMI maximum 28,000 psi; and well above the usual 18,000 Trapdoor limit. A Rolling Block with its crooked stock might be all the fun you want at the low end, though.When it comes to powder coating, finding the right company for your project is crucial. Whether you are looking to coat a small part or an entire vehicle, choosing a reliable and e...45-70 Government 325 gr FTX ® LEVERevolution ® Item #82747 | 20/Box US Patent: 9,513,092 | 8,413,587 | 8,161,885 | 7,380,502. LEVERevolution ® represents a breakthrough in ammo design for lever action rifles and revolvers. The key to its innovation and performance is the patented elastomer Flex Tip ® technology of the FTX ® and MonoFlex ...Feb 21, 2024. #28. Keith M Sheehan said: With the powders available right now, my recommendation is N133. I have 7 .45-70's and have hunted with them all over the world with great success. I strictly use 400-405 grain bullets and my all around favorite is the Speer. The load I've settled on is 53.0 grains of N133.In the Marlin 1895 45-70 the maximum load for H4198 and a 300 grain jacketed bullet is 60 grains. I have used 55 grains of H4198 with 300 grain Sierras, Hornadys and Speers with success. With published compressed loads if it seems you can't get all the powder into the case you will have to use a drop tube. You learn something new everyday ...Low bulky density and superior ignition characteristics make 5744 an excellent choice for reduced loads in many rifle calibers and in large capacity black powder cartridges such as the 45-70 through 45-120 and 50-90 through 50-120. Made in Canada. Bulk Density (grams/cc) +/-2.2%.Check the on line Hogdon load manual, they have data for the 45\70 trap door 385 gr cast bullet that can be safely used with your 350gr cast bullets (you can use data for the next heavier bullet safely, but not the data for lighter bullets used for heavier bullets). They show data for several of the powders in your pic.45-70 with 2400. Was looking thru the Complete Reloading manual for 45-70 last night and noticed a load that used 2400. I shoot a Handi-rifle and a 74 Sharps and have been having trouble getting a clean burning powder. Both 4198 and 5744 seem to leave unburnt powder in the cases or chamber. I've even used pieces of cotton balls to keep the ...Thanks for the replies guys. I load 14.5 grains of Unique as my indoor plinking load for .45-70, I'm looking for a replacement powder for full power loads. I've done up to 57 grains of 4198 which I use out to 600m. It's quite annoying that I'm having to start from scratch again with most of my calibres. Thanks EU!

There are many Marlin M1895, H&R and Ruger single shots, etc. being unneccesarily under loaded due to this lack of understanding. 45-70 brass can easily be shot at 50K psi in an action designed for that pressure. Here are some 45-70 loads for a 405gr cast bullet, all just under 28K psi: Red Dot - 13.0 grs.

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What powders work good for reduced loads in 45-70? I was afraid just using low charges of slow burning powder would give me lots of velocity swings with it having such a low load density. I have seen some load data with 2400 powder that looks like where I want to be at in velocity, just worried accuracy would suffer.Red dot as well as lots of other pistol powders are listed in manuals in loads for rifles especialy in cast bullet loads. No fillers are called for in these loads straight from the manual: (45-70 safe in even the weakest versions) 300 grain jacketed bullet: 2400-24 gr=1560 fps & 13500 psi. 2400-30.6 gr=1905 fps & 24000.The market appears to still be spooked by JNJ as shares are set to open at their lowest level since July amid the Reuters articles fallout....JNJ Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) shares con...Yes Bill, W 748 is a good powder for 45-70. For top end loads. I have used it in 50 plus gr loads but the OP mentioned starting at 41 gr. he isn't developing enough pressure for a good burn. I view powder as having a "happy range" of pressures where they work best. He used a powder well below the range where it was happy.Loads for .45/70: (Note: These are near MAXIMUM loads, you should use 10% less to start.) (See note on Powders below or read all about various Powders.) Bullet sizes …The .45-70-500 was adopted in the beefed-up 1884 Springfield. Because of brutal recoil in carbines, lighter loads (.45-55) were issued to cavalry. The accuracy standard for the trapdoor Springfield was a four-inch group at 100 yards. This translates to more than 11 feet at 3,350 yards.A slight bell to the mouth of .45-70 cases (left) prevents shaving the soft heel of the Gould's bullet. Trimming cases to the same length placed an exact amount of crimp on the bullets. For a deer hunting load, it was a toss up between 48.0 grains of IMR-3031 or 54.0 grains of Varget with the Gould's bullet.CBA Member. joeb33050 posted this 13 April 2012. 45-70 People have been shooting 12-14 grains of Unique with bullets from 300 (457191) to 500 (457125) grains made out of about anything that will melt, for ~75 years. Some use TP or Dacron or kapok or cotton or ?? very small/light wads atop the powder.

sayt qmblemployeeconnection net macyfylm swpr jwrdyfylm sks ayrany azkwn Powder for 45 70 responsefactoryinterface [email protected] & Mobile Support 1-888-750-4214 Domestic Sales 1-800-221-9044 International Sales 1-800-241-3160 Packages 1-800-800-4312 Representatives 1-800-323-7074 Assistance 1-404-209-4342. Introduced to the world just 1 year after the invention of .45 Colt, .45-70 Gov’t reigns supreme in the world of straight-walled cartridges to this day. Its name is derived from the bullet diameter (.45 in), the weight of the black powder used when it was created (70 grains), and the fact that it was designed and used by the U.S. ARMY in 1873.. i 40 truck accident tennessee today I don't have any experience using any type powder with 45-70, but will subscribe to this thread to get info for powder to use. I just received my first 45-70 Henry this weekend, and will need to load is soon.Dec 5, 2023 · The .45-70 Government is one of our most popular cartridges for either black or smokeless powder. That’s more or less simply a statement which repeats the obvious because there are only two other cartridges that can share the honors of being in constant production, at least for the ammunition, for over 150 years. sks ba zn babaaflam sks fy alhmam The .45-70 Mike has written about most recently in Handloader magazine is the Shiloh Model 1877. The cast HPs mentioned above came from Lyman mould 457122, weighing 336 grains of 1:20 tin-to-lead alloy. I learned that those bullets over 68 grains of GOEX FFg black powder were fine for small Texas whitetails. lhs aqdamtony boloney New Customers Can Take an Extra 30% off. There are a wide variety of options. Goex Black Dawge Pinnacle Black Powder Ammunition 45-70 Government 405 Grain Lead Flat Nose Box of 20. Product #: 814572. Manufacturer #: 1609. UPC #: 5890000160. Our Price:Keeping that in mind, let's dive deeper into the ballistics and cartridge power of 45-70 Govt ammunition. Your standard 45-70 ballistics with modern factory ammo produces a 300-grain bullet at roughly 2,350fps, a 325-grain bullet at around 2,050fps, and a 405-grain bullet at around 1,330fps. Using modern, smokeless powder, most ammunition ...Approximately 1 teaspoon of onion powder is equivalent to 1/3 of an onion. So 3 teaspoons of onion powder would be necessary to substitute for an entire onion. Onion powder is made...